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Meet your Director, Alyssa Pagan Hagearty!

Alyssa Pagan is a junior Honors student double majoring in political science and studio art. This is her third year with UCMUN and with DISEC. As director of DISEC for the second time, she looks forward to taking the committee in a new direction with a special focus on the eastern side of the world. As a member of UConn’s International Affairs Association, she always enjoys talking about geopolitics and social movements around the world. Outside of politics and international relations, Alyssa enjoys creating in various forms such as painting, photography and digital design. She can be reached at alyssa.pagan_hagearty@uconn.edu.

 

Meet your Topic Specialist, Namira Sristy!

Namira Sristy is sophomore majoring in political science and minoring in economics. This is her second year with UCMUN. This is her first year in the Disarmament & International Security Committee; last year she was the Assistant Director of the United Nations Security Council. She has been involved with Model UN since her sophomore year of high school. In her free time, she loves debating political issues, reading, hanging out with friends and binge-watching Game of Thrones. She is excited to work with delegates at this year’s conference and encourages them to reach out to her by email at namira.sristy@uconn.edu.

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Topic A: Human Rights Violations and Rising Insurgencies in the Kashmir Area

India and Pakistan have been in conflict over the Kashmir region for over 70 years. This conflict has a complicated history of colonization, military occupancy and separatist movements and insurgencies. India accuses Pakistan of allowing terrorist groups to operate in its borders. In the past few years, there have been several terrorist attacks in both the Kashmir region and in major cities like Mumbai. Pellet guns are often used as crowd control for protests and riots that occur in the region. Amnesty International has instructed India to ban these weapons due to the often blinding injuries that they inflict. Allies of the countries have been supplying them with fire arms and bombs.  The UN has previously been involved in ceasefire efforts, and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights has published a report on the human rights situation in Kashmir. Some of these findings include lack of access to justice, excessive force, and use of the pellet shotgun, among other issues. Both Pakistan and India are nuclear powers, which adds tension to the security dilemma. The human rights violations and the perpetual conflict which have existed since the liberation of India and Pakistan mandate our attention.

Topic B: Military Bases in the South China Sea

The resource-rich South China Sea is home to a regional conflict based off of different claims to the sea — a sea through which 30 percent of global maritime trade passes. The countries involved in the dispute are China, Brunei, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Trillions of dollars worth of trade pass through the area, which prompts international support to secure the area for economic reasons. China has been building out the atolls for around 10 years and constructing military posts on the newly-created land. Some of these country’s claims adhere to the United Nations Law of the Sea, allowing countries to manage resources up to 200 miles off their shoreline. China, however, makes a historic claim from the 15th century. China’s claim is often called the 9 Dash Land which takes up roughly 90 percent of the sea. The United States, Britain, and France have commenced Freedom of Navigation Operations, increasing their naval presence in the area. There are several maritime borders that are under scrutiny by the countries involved. The region is valuable due to the quantity of natural resources. These include oil, natural gas and fishing.